Antioxidants are substances that may protect your cells against the effects of free radicals — molecules produced when your body breaks down food or is exposed to tobacco smoke and radiation. Free radicals may play a role in heart disease,cancer and other diseases.
Nonessential amino acids can be made by the body, while essential amino acidscannot be made by the body so you must get them from your diet. You must have all of the amino acids so your body can build the wide variety of proteins it needs. Protein is needed for the repair, growth and maintenance of the cells.
Essential Amino Acids
There are nine essential amino acids: histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine. Since your body can’t produce or store essential amino acids, it is important to regularly supply your body with these important building blocks. Fill your diet with chicken, eggs, fish, beef, tuna, soybeans, nuts, chia seeds and quinoa, and take a look at the amino acid content of your favorite protein-rich foods. To ensure your body is receiving enough essential amino acids, a good rule of thumb is to consume a minimum of 0.5 grams of protein per pound of lean body weigh every day. Older adults, children, and pregnant women might require more protein and should consult with a dietitian or physician for advice. Finally, if you’re an avid athlete 18 years or older, protein requirements are much higher and may range between 1.0 and 1.5 grams per pound of lean body weight to optimize recovery and lean muscle growth.
Nonessential Amino Acids
Don’t let their name fool you – nonessential amino acids fill essential roles. Nonessential amino acids support tissue growth and repair, immune function, red blood cell formation, and hormone synthesis. However, unlike essential amino acids, a healthy body can create these proteins if given enough protein sources with essential amino acids. There are 11 nonessential amino acids: arginine, glutamine, tyrosine, cysteine, glycine, proline, serine, ornithine, alanine, asparagine, and aspartate. Of these, eight are conditional amino acids. Typically your body will be able to synthesize these amino acids. However, if you are stressed, sick, or not consuming enough protein and carbohydrates, your body might not be able to produce enough of them. The conditional amino acids are arginine, glutamine, tyrosine, cysteine, glycine, proline, serine, and ornithine.
Lysine is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins
All children need the essential amino acid lysine, which aids the body in proper growth. The body does not make essential amino acids
Multivitamins are a combination of different vitamins and minerals that serve as a nutritional back up
Multivitamins are used for treating and preventing low levels of vitamins and minerals. Basically these are supplements replenish deficiencies of the same in the body.
What does a multivitamin contain?
This fat-soluble vitamin promotes vision, helps in maintains healthy skin, supports immune system and helps in producing red blood cells. Carrot, spinach, green leafy vegetables, pumpkins, sweet potato and dairy products contain major portions of Vitamin A.
Water soluble vitamin, plays an important role in cell metabolism. It further has 8 cofactors or generally coenzymes for key metabolic processes and are known as Vitamin B complexes.
Vitamin B1- Thiamine
Helps in your baby’s overall brain development, assists in digestion, boosts immunity and aids in the development of healthy heart. Main sources of thiamine are nuts, oranges, oats, poultry, meat,legumes and seeds.
Vitamin B2- Riboflavin
Assists in the formation of lining of digestive tract, produces red blood cells, helps in the maintenance of healthy skin and hair, formation of nails and boosts immunity. Good sources of riboflavin are dairy products, mushrooms, spinach, meat and green vegetables.
Vitamin B3- Niacin
Helps in proper functioning of fats and sugars in body, assists in the development of healthy heart, reduces itching and inflammations. Niacin rich foods are peanuts, meat, fish, mushrooms, green peas, mustard seeds, sprouts and soy products.
Vitamin B5- Pantothenic acid
Supports development of nervous system, enhances immune functions and assists mental growth. Widely found in animal meat, green vegetables, legumes and poultry.
Vitamin B6- Pyridoxine
Boosts immune system, prevents infections, keeps eye healthy, helps in the development of nervous system. Bran, nuts, sunflower seeds, fish, meat, dry fruits, bananas, spinach are rich in pyridoxine.
It is important for production of energy, metabolism, developing healthy heart and nervous system. Vitamin B12 is mainly found in animal meat for example meat, poultry and low fat dairy like cheese, milk, soy products, yogurt and fortified food.
Helps in metabolism, supports nervous system, provides skin nourishment and forms a proper lining of internal organs. Fish, chicken, peanuts, white bread, soy products and dairy products are rich in biotin content.
Acts as an oxygen carrier, functions cell growth, assists metabolism and helps in digestion. Lady finger, broccoli, sprouts, citrus fruits and dark green leafy vegetables are good sources of folate.
This fat-soluble vitamin is needed to absorb calcium for building strong bones and immunity. Main sources of Vitamin D are seafood and egg yolk. For Vegetarian parents should opt for giving fortified cereal and milk rich in Vitamin D. Sunlight itself is a good source of Vitamin D. Body produces Vitamin D when exposed to direct sunlight. To get enough Vitamin D body needs direct sunlight. Your baby’s skin must be bare and sunscreen free to trap enough sunlight for ten minutes each day.
Strengthens immunity and assists good and clear flow of blood through the blood vessels. Main sources of Vitamin E are vegetable oils like sunflower oil and palm oil, nuts, spinach, sweet potato and sunflower seeds.
Necessary for overall growth, repairs body and connective tissues, helps in the absorption of iron, helps in healing wounds and maintenance of cartilages,bones and tissues. Major portions are found in pepper, broccoli, cabbage, kiwi, citrus fruits.
Essential for the production of red blood cells and carries oxygen throughout the body. Good sources of iron are beans, peas, fortified cereals, spinach, dry fruits and soy milk.
It forms the building blocks of bones and teeth for your baby. Main sources of calcium are raw milk, cheese, orange, yogurt, almonds and green leafy vegetables.
Acts as antioxidants, helps in proper functioning of immune system, assists in proper metabolism, improves digestion and helps in the maintenance of body tissues. Mainly found in pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, chickpeas, garlic, cereals, meat, poultry, peas, soyabeans and sprouts.
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